Impact

Direct and indirect outcomes of the investigation.

  • Legislation passed.
  • Congressional hearing called.
  • Company ties severed.
  • Op-Eds published.
  • CEO resigned.
  • Federal agencies petitioned.
  • Lawmakers demand company documents.
  • E.U. parliament debates.
  • Shareholder resolution filed.
  • China vows improvements.

All

  1. Investigation

    Chosun, one of the largest South Korean newspapers, ran a story about a statement from the U.S. Congressional and Executive Committee on China calling for the governments of South Korea, Japan and the U.S. to work together to stop seafood products processed in China by forced North Korean labor from being imported. The story said it was highly unusual for a U.S. government body to publicly criticize American allies about imports to their markets.

    Source: Chosun
  2. Investigation

    In an article about NOAA’s 15-month initiative Collaborative Accelerator for Lawful Maritime Conditions in Seafood (CALM-CS), SeafoodSource cites The Outlaw Ocean Project’s investigations as having rocked the seafood sector by flagging forced labor and other abuses within the industry.

  3. Investigation

    An article published on Salon about pervasive violence, lack of transparency, and general physical danger within the modern fishing industry interviewed The Outlaw Ocean Project on these issues and cited The Outlaw Ocean Project’s solutions page as ways reformers can bring about change within the seafood supply chain.

  4. Termination

    The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) has decided to cease operations in China. Undercurrent cited as a contributing factor the Outlaw Ocean Project investigation about captive North Koreans forced to work in seafood processing plants in China.

    Read our discussions with Aquaculture Stewardship Council.

  5. Policy

    A bipartisan group of 26 US lawmakers sent a letter to President Joe Biden urging him and the administration to take increased action against illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing. The letter highlights the OO investigation, citing the multiple stories on the presence of forced Uyghur, and North Korean labor in the seafood supply chain.

  6. Policy

    The U.S. Congressional Executive Commission on China has called on the Biden administration to act against alleged forced labor involving North Korean workers in China's fishing industry, saying seafood sales to U.S. consumers could be helping finance North Korea's weapons programs.

  7. Policy

    On March 1, 2024, Members of European Parliament Caroline Roose and Mounir Satouri, both representing France, sent a letter to the European Commission and the President of the European Parliament following up on Le Monde's publication of The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation. The letter asked about E.U. Parliament ties to the Compass Group, a company that the investigation tied to North Korean labor and supplying catering services to the European Parliament.

  8. Policy

    Negotiators from the E.U. Parliament and Council reached a provisional agreement on new rules to ban products made with forced labor from the E.U. market. At Parliament’s insistence, the European Commission will draw up a list of particular economic sectors in specific geographical areas where state-imposed forced labor exists. Industry publications pointed out that this provisional agreement comes after The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation revealed state sponsored forced labor in Chinese seafood plants with significant buyers in the U.S. and E.U.

  9. Op-Ed

    Drew Cherry, Editor-in-Chief of IntraFish, an industry publication, published an opinion piece faulting the global seafood industry for years of failure to confront its ties to human rights abuses. “The seafood industry -- up and down the supply chain -- is now at an unavoidable crossroads in its relationship with China,” he wrote, saying that The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation is the reason for this global reckoning.

  10. Policy

    The U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, a bipartisan committee set up by the White House and Congress, urged the U.S. Customs and Border Protection to take steps to stop importing seafood from China following the OO investigation about physical & sexual abuse of North Korean workers at Chinese seafood processing plants connected to prominent seafood suppliers and retailers. The CECC also said the U.S. Mission to the U.N. should hold a Security Council briefing on forced labor that funds Kim Jong Un’s nuclear ambitions.

  11. Policy

    A bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers sent a letter to the US Treasury and State Departments calling on them to impose Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act sanctions on Chinese companies named in The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation. Such sanctions would ban travel, halt imports and freeze assets tied to the individuals and companies cited in The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation.

  12. Finalist

    Huge honor: The Outlaw Ocean Project/The New Yorker team is a finalist for the National Magazine Award in the Public Service category for the reporting on the human rights and other crimes behind global seafood. We're alongside some of the giants in the business including the Marshall Project, ProPublica, NY Times Mag, among others.

  13. Policy

    The South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization (SPRFMO), which regulates South American waters, recently approved proposals on improving work conditions, eliminating human rights abuses, and establishing more stringent labor standards on fishing vessels operating in the South Pacific. News outlets tied it partially to The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation.

  14. Statement

    Director of a major processing operation in northern China said the investigation has led to a significant decrease in U.S. demand for seafood from China as companies cut ties with plants identified as using forced labor.

  15. Statement

    30 major seafood companies, including Cotsco, Aldi, Sysco France, High Liner Foods and Lund’s Fisheries, wrote a letter urging the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization to help improve how workers on fishing vessels are treated. The letter came two months after The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation identified human rights abuses on Chinese squid ships fishing in South American waters. These same ships supply seafood to US and EU companies, including many of the companies that signed the letter.

  16. Statement

    In a letter addressed to the US Department of Homeland Security on Monday, the Southern Shrimp Alliance expressed concerns about country of origin labeling issues. According to the group, Americans purchasing Argentinian shrimp may unwittingly contribute to Uyghur oppression due to the lack of information on whether the shrimp was packed in plants in Shandong under current labeling laws. This call comes after the alliance conducted a thorough review of materials from The Outlaw Ocean Project, including articles, videos, and communications with stakeholders in the seafood industry in both the United States and China.

  17. Policy

    Rep. Mike Gallagher and Raja Krishnamoorthi from the House Select Committee on the Chinese Communist Party wrote to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security citing the investigation and urging the agency to strengthen enforcement of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act. The letter lists the companies and plants that the investigation revealed as using Uyghur labor. It also asks the agency whether it can confirm Uyghur forced labor at these plants and if so whether the agency plans to add these companies to its “entity” list, which would officially prohibit goods from them coming into the U.S.

  18. Termination

    Ruggiero Seafood has decided to cut ties with the Chishan Group – a seafood processing company based in China that the investigation tied to the use of forced labor involving members of the Uyghur ethnic minority group.

    Read our discussions with Ruggiero Seafood.

  19. Policy

    A bipartisan group of senators raised concern over a decision made by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to withdraw the proposal to expand the number of species subject to the Seafood Import Monitoring Program (SIMP). The legislators cited the investigation and proposed that NOAA includes forced labor as a criterion for species’ inclusion in SIMP.

  20. Petition

    A Global Magnitsky legal petition was filed with the U.S. Department of Treasury calling for sanctions against 7 Chinese companies that The Outlaw Ocean Project revealed as being complicit in the widespread use of forced labor.

  21. Policy

    A bipartisan group of 22 lawmakers sent a letter to the White House citing the investigation and insisting that it sever ties to Sysco, which supplies most food to federal agencies, unless the company stops getting seafood from plants using forced labor.

  22. Shareholder Action

    Oxfam cited the investigation in filing a shareholder resolution urging Walmart to publish human-rights impact assessments that examine the actual and potential human rights impacts of high-risk commodities in the company’s supply chains.

  23. Policy

    Jared Huffman, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, cited the investigation findings as a catalyst for actions he has taken to combat IUU fishing in the U.S. and abroad, especially the revelation that seafood purchased by the federal government, including cafeterias in the U.S. Capitol, is tainted by forced labor in Chinese processing plants.

  24. Policy

    President Biden signed an executive order closing a sanctions loophole that had allowed the U.S. importation of large amounts of Russian-caught pollock, cod, salmon and crab processed in China. Much of this Russian fish is routinely shipped to China to be thawed, further processed, then refrozen, and exported to the United States and Europe. The investigation revealed that some Russian pollock was being processed by forced Xinjiang labor in China.

  25. Policy

    A U.S. House committee focused on U.S.-China trade competition issued a bipartisan report that recommends Congress make all Chinese seafood products subject to the Seafood Import Monitoring Program (SIMP) “to ensure the United States is not complicit in the PRC’s practice of illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing.”

  26. Investigation

    The CEO of Trident Seafoods, the largest seafood supplier in the US, is calling for more scrutiny of China’s seafood companies. Trident uses Chinese processing plants but the CEO said that they do their own auditing to ensure that Xinjiang, North Korean and other types of forced labor are not present. The “vast majority of production facilities” cannot meet the corporate governance standards, Trident said, and many of the plants Trident rejected were the same ones that Trident had opted not to contract.

  27. Policy

    Anchorage Daily News ran a long piece about the impact of the investigation on Alaska-associated fishing companies. The story cites a letter signed by 38 members of Congress that was sent Thursday to President Joe Biden asking for the closure of the “loophole” that allows Russian seafood processed in China to be imported into the United States “in defiance of U.S. sanctions.” Sen. Dan Sullivan, R-Alaska, said “The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation bolsters the case for keeping Russian seafood that moves through Chinese processors out of the United States.”

  28. Investigation

    After Sysco's decision to terminate ties with a Chinese processor called Shandong Haidu, the company confirmed plans to investigate whether the company has ties to other Chishan plants. Sysco did not say whether it intends to investigate how many other Chinese plants aside from those connected to Chishan Group, have Xinjiang or North Korean workers and how it will fix the flawed audits it used to inspect all of the Chinese plants in its supply chain.

  29. Termination

    Undercurrent News, an industry publication, wrote about Sysco's severing of ties to a major Chinese seafood processor, Shandong Haidu, in response to pressure from Congressman Jared Huffman. The story cites a letter Huffman sent to Sysco asking it how the company intends to confront a wider problem that likely exists across most seafood processing plants in China: the use of audits that do not check for Xinjiang or North Korean forced labor and the unwillingness of the Chinese government to allow unannounced spot checks of its plants or inspections on its fishing ships. One of the world's largest food service companies, Sysco supplies over 400k restaurants in the US alone & is a major supplier of federal institutions like federal prisons, public schools and military bases.

    Read our discussions with Sysco, Shandong Haidu Ocean Product.

  30. Policy

    A Congressional committee issued a bipartisan report with 150 policy recommendations, including to add Chinese seafood to the products assumed to be tied to Xinjiang forced labor under federal law, based on The Outlaw Ocean Project investigation.

  31. Investigation

    Congressman Jared Huffman sent a strongly-worded letter to Sysco, a major supplier of seafood to the US government, citing the investigation & asking the company how many seafood plants in China supplies it and how the company will ensure that future audits will avoid seafood tied Xinjiang and North Korean forced labor from entering federal institutions.

  32. Testimony

    The Outlaw Ocean Project testified before the Canada House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans about illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

  33. Policy

    IntraFish, an industry publication, covered all the U.S. lawmakers that have “piled on the requests for a seafood import ban on China” following the investigation published earlier this year saying it also has made “US and European seafood buyers and retailers re-examine their supply chains.”

  34. Policy

    In a new piece in The Globe and Mail, Business Columnist Rita Trichur cited the investigation as a “wake-up call” and said Canada’s new anti-slavery law is an important first step but called on the Canadian government and companies to do more to prevent products tied to forced labor from entering the country.

  35. Op-Ed

    Chicago Tribune published an op-ed by celebrity chef Kerry Heffernan about the investigation and calling on restauranteurs, grocers and consumers to pressure seafood companies to create better tools for ensuring that what they sell and serve is not coming from processing plants or fishing ships engaged in abusive practices. Heffernan also said there is only so much that consumers and industry can do and that the U.S. government needs to enforce existing laws and strengthen monitoring programs.

  36. Policy

    U.S. Senator Tom Cotton has introduced legislation banning seafood imported from China in response to the investigation. The bill also seeks to block seafood trans-shipped with Chinese vessels or tied to Chinese aquaculture. The law would block seafood from China until the U.S. government can confirm that forced labor is not being used in their production, the Chinese government ends its practice of subsidizing its fishing fleet and the U.S. Secretary of Defense confirms that China’s fishing fleet would not be used to invade Taiwan.

  37. Op-Ed

    Fast Company ran an op-ed by Kristen Abrams, senior director of the think tank McCain Institute, showing the evidence that audits are failed tools for detecting abuses in the seafood industry, especially in China, where information is tightly controlled. Abrams called for governments to step in where audits have proven ineffective.

  38. Policy

    The E.U.’s Market Advisory Council (MAC) has recommended that the European Commission and member states adopt a regulation prohibiting products made with forced labor on the E.U. market. This comes after the investigation detailed links between alleged forced labor and illegal fishing activities in China with major buyers in the E.U.

  39. Policy

    N.J. lawmaker Frank Pallone sent a letter to U.S Customs and Border Protection citing the investigation’s findings of forced labor on Chinese fishing ships & in Chinese processing plants. The letter demands that the agency enhance its screening of seafood coming from China.

  40. Op-Ed

    Ian Ralby a maritime analyst, published an op-ed with the Center for Maritime Strategy, a think tank, in which he makes an unusual and intriguing argument based on the investigation about the definitional differences between slavery and trafficking & how it might legally change the ways that navies and coast guards handle these fishing ships prone to captivity/abuse.

  41. Op-Ed

    SeafoodSource published an op-ed by a seafood supply chain expert who advised companies to conduct due diligence investigations of their suppliers in order to save themselves from “the fallout, costs, and embarrassment from the Outlaw Ocean report” and other journalism exposing worker abuses.

  42. Policy

    SeafoodSource, an industry publication, cited a second legal petition filed to U.S. Customs & Border Protection — part of growing pressure from lawmakers and advocates to stop forced labor in US imported seafood.

  43. Policy

    E&E news from Politico covered the decision by NOAA to delay the proposed expansion of its program for tracking seafood imports & the blowback from lawmakers & NGOs who cited the investigation & the need to stop imports tied to forced labor.

  44. Op-Ed

    Sarah Teich and Mehmet Tohti from the Uyghur Rights Advocacy Project wrote an op-ed published in the Ottawa Citizen arguing that in light of the investigation and ties between Xinjiang forced labor and seafood, the Canadian government must stop the import of seafood tainted by such violations.

  45. Hearing

    Rep. Jared Huffman said during a Congressional hearing with the Coast Guard and GAO that seafood coming into the U.S. is widely tainted by forced labor. He faulted NOAA's delay in expanding the seafood imports it tracks and he asked GAO to study how agencies can better prevent forced labor in seafood imports.

  46. Statement

    Skadden Arps, one of the largest law firms in the U.S., published a “client alert” citing the investigation and predicted a possible uptick in seafood imports being blocked by Customs and Border Protection.

  47. Op-Ed

    LA Times published an op-ed about the morality of eating seafood in light of the investigation's findings about the use of forced labor throughout China's supply chain.

  48. Statement

    The Uyghur Human Rights Project and Anti-Slavery International, two human rights organizations, called on U.S. customs to take action following the investigation by enforcing a law that enables the govt to block imports tied to forced labor, and called on other countries to pass their own legislation banning the import of products associated with abuses.

  49. Policy

    SeafoodSource, an industry publication, covered this year's Tokyo Sustainable Seafood Summit & said that companies focussed their discussion on the investigation and how to prevent forced labor in their supply chains.

  50. Policy

    SeafoodSource, a major industry publication, reported that the Chinese government, which criticized the Outlaw Ocean's investigation publicly, also responded by announcing plans to begin monitoring its distant-water fishing fleet more “systematically” and “scientifically.” SeafoodSource said that the likely reason for the speedy and aggressive commitment is that many firms named in the investigation “are likely to face increased scrutiny from U.S. and other countries’ authorities.”

  51. Op-Ed

    Forbes magazine ran an op-ed by Olivia Enos, a Georgetown University governance professor, citing the investigation and arguing that the Customs and Border Protection agency needs to add seafood to a list of goods at high risk for ties to Uyghur forced labor.

  52. Policy

    Lawyers from the Human Trafficking Legal Center filed a formal petition (a Withhold Release Order, or WRO, petition) to the Customs and Border Protection agency to halt all imports of squid from the Zhen Fa 7, the ship profiled in the investigation.

  53. Testimony

    At-Sea Processors Association submitted testimony for the Congressional-White House hearing about the investigation's findings. The org calls for the U.S. to adopt E.U.-style carding system & to better enforce the Uyghur protection law, especially regarding seafood. The org also criticized MSC & says that some “industry initiatives” to counter forced labor in seafood have “been too weak to make a difference.”

  54. Policy

    Rep. Chris Smith and Sen. Jeffrey Merkley, chair and co-chair of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, submitted a letter to Dept. of Homeland Security Sec. Alejandro Mayorkas, citing the investigation. In the letter Smith and Merkley called for Withhold Release Orders for all seafood processors in Shandong and Liaoning Provinces, for import bans against companies employing North Korean labor and for companies using Uyghur labor to be added to the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act “Entity List.”

  55. Policy

    The Associated Press reports that U.S. lawmakers have asked the Biden administration to ban seafood processed in two Chinese provinces from entering the U.S. market because of concerns about rights abuses as cited in the investigation.

  56. Statement

    The Business and Human Rights Resource Center, a human rights organization, covered the impact of the reporting, including High Liner Foods, Lund’s Fisheries, and the Pacific American Fishing Company firing their suppliers, and Walmart, Edeka, Tesco, and Kroger stating plans to investigate.

  57. Policy

    Georgetown Law Professor Robert Stumberg testifies at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China's hearing about the investigation's findings and urges the government to update procurement regulations, more strictly implement the Uyghur safety law and expand seafood import monitoring.

  58. Policy

    Sally Yozell, director of the environmental security program at the Stimson Center, testifies at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China's hearing about the investigation's findings and calls for expansion of the seafood import monitoring program and changing the definition of illegal fishing to include forced labor.

  59. Policy

    Greg Scarlatoiu, director of The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, testifies at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China’s hearing about the investigation’s findings and calls for the government to enact import bans for seafood products made with North Korean labor and asked the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons to focus on forced labor in seafood.

  60. Policy

    American University Professor Judy Gearhart testifies at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China's hearing about the investigation and calls for strengthening the seafood import monitoring program, increasing corporate reporting requirements, and bolstering protections for fishers' rights.

  61. Op-Ed

    Ian Ralby, who runs I.R. Consilium, wrote an op-ed for the Center for International Maritime Security, arguing that aside from the investigation's findings about forced labor, the U.S. public and government should stop financing Chinese aggression toward the U.S. by ceasing purchases of Chinese caught or processed seafood, including that served on U.S. military bases or other public institutions.

  62. Op-Ed

    IntraFish ran an op-ed about the investigation arguing that preventing human rights abuses in the global seafood supply chain is appropriately going to cost money. (The otherwise smart op-ed has one small error in stating that the investigation “had no absolute proof, just a suspicion people are working against their will.” This wording misunderstands the Xinjiang issue & relevant federal law (UFLPA), which defines all workers from Xinjiang as categorically part of state-sponsored forced labor. The investigation, in fact, revealed extensive proof of Xinjiang & government-transferred workers into at least 10 seafood plants, the products from which are banned from import under US law due to their ties to state-sponsored forced labor.)

  63. Statement

    Barry Andrews said in a video with Renew Europe that the investigation has made “absolutely clear” that forced labor is in the supply chains of Western supermarkets, including Aldi, Lidl, Tesco, and Musgrave, and these companies will be receiving “serious questions” soon.

  64. Policy

    SeafoodSource, citing the ineffectiveness of auditing systems, looked at possible solutions to human rights abuses in seafood, including expanded import monitoring, gov't data collection and ceasing seafood purchases from China.

  65. Statement

    Seafish, a U.K. seafood industry group, said the problem of Xinjiang, North Korean, and other forced labor revealed by the investigation seems to impact more than 300 companies across the industry and vowed to work with the industry to “develop appropriate responses” to the issue.

  66. Policy

    Two U.S. lawmakers wrote the Customs and Border Protection agency, citing the investigation, insisting it use the Tariff Act and the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act to stop seafood from China entering the US. The letter also demanded that the agency provide documents detailing the steps they have taken to stop import of such seafood.

  67. Policy

    Two U.S. lawmakers wrote the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, citing the investigation, insisting the Seafood Import Monitoring Program is expanded to all imported seafood to protect U.S. consumers from seafood tied to illegal fishing and abusive labor practices.

  68. Policy

    Louisa Greve, director of Global Advocacy at the Uyghur Human Rights Project, cited the investigation in her testimony during a Committee on Homeland Security hearing as evidence that the seafood industry should be added to the list of “targeted sectors” under the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act.

  69. Statement

    China's seafood association said the investigation was “fabricated” and added that the use of labor from Xinjiang in seafood processing plants does not constitute forced labor because they are paid wages. Undercurrent News pointed out how U.S. law sees it differently.

  70. Legislation

    Pierre Karleskind, Caroline Roose, Barry Andrews, and Izaskun Bilbao, a group of European lawmakers, cited the investigation as they passed a resolution urging China to be more transparent about its fishing fleet, especially on illegal fishing and human rights issues.

  71. Legislation

    Barry Andrews, an Irish lawmaker, said that legislation moving through the European Parliament is necessary to stop illegal fishing and human rights abuses in the seafood industry, as highlighted in the investigation. This legislation was approved on Oct. 17th.

  72. Legislation

    Samira Rafaela, a Netherlands lawmaker, cited the investigation to support a draft regulation on forced labor that was approved October 16, 2023.

  73. Statement

    Genuine Alaska Pollock Producers called for “swift action” from authorities in response to the investigation's findings. “The horrific & blatant human rights violations catalogued in the important article ... do not represent the practices of our members,” the association said.

  74. Statement

    SeaBOS, a group of large seafood companies, cited the investigation and said the findings of forced labor are “disappointing.” World Benchmarking Alliance, which helps companies achieve SDGs, called for the industry to improve human rights tracking and traceability.

  75. Op-Ed

    Kenneth Roth, former head of Human Rights Watch, wrote an op-ed in the Guardian about the investigation and calling on Europe to better handle Uyghur forced labor in its seafood imports.

  76. Hearing

    The Congressional-Executive Commission on China announced a Congressional Hearing, scheduled for October 24th, at which The Outlaw Ocean Project will provide testimony on forced labor on China’s fishing ships and in seafood processing plants and the exposure of the U.S. Government and American consumers to these crimes.

  77. Policy

    Human Rights at Sea, an advocacy organization, reviewed the investigation and called for broader reforms in seafood oversight.

  78. Op-Ed

    An Irish lawmaker published an op-ed in the Irish Sun calling for stricter forced labor laws based partly on The Outlaw Ocean Project's investigation.

  79. Op-Ed

    IntraFish published an op-ed from Joe Bundrant, the CEO of major US seafood company Trident Seafoods, saying our findings sent “shock waves” and calling on the entire industry to “step up to a uniform standard of supply chain integrity.”

  80. Statement

    The Aquaculture Stewardship Council, an accreditation organization, issued a statement saying it takes the investigation's revelations “very seriously” and that they welcome scrutiny of the global supply chains.

    Read our discussions with Aquaculture Stewardship Council.

  81. Op-Ed

    Kristen Abrams, senior director of the McCain Institute, published an op-ed in USA Today about the investigation and the problem of trafficked labor.

  82. Policy

    Stephanie Madsen, of the At-Sea Processors Association, called for industry reforms including uniform import controls, enforcement of the US law tied to Uyghur forced labor, transparent labeling, and more in response to the investigation.

  83. Policy

    U.S. lawmakers offered their impressions of the investigation and called for tighter controls, better enforcement and a suspension of seafood imports tied to forced labor.

  84. Statement

    Barry Andrews, an Irish lawmaker, said that, in light of The Outlaw Ocean Project's investigation, the Forced Labour Regulation, being considered by the E.U. parliament, needs to be strengthened to stop the entry of seafood tainted by forced labor into Europe.

  85. Policy

    Celeste Leroux, from seafood trade compliance firm Goldfish, responded to the investigation by suggesting better screening by NOAA and others for seafood tainted by forced labor coming into the U.S.

  86. Resignation

    The CEO of High Liner Foods, one of North America's biggest seafood suppliers, resigned after the investigation identified at least two of its factories using forced labor. The resignation came shortly after the High Liner and its American customers were alerted of these findings.

    Read our discussions with High Liner Foods.

  87. Termination

    Albertsons, the second largest grocery chain in the U.S., dropped certain products from High Liner Foods, one of North America's biggest seafood suppliers, identified in the investigation as using forced labor. The move applied to all its brands across the U.S., including Acme Markets, Albertsons, Safeway and Shaw's.

    Read our discussions with Albertsons, High Liner Foods.